Abalone – A clam-like animal with a colorful shell that lives in the Pacific Ocean.
Antelope – A fast deer-like animal that lives in herds or groups on grassy plains.
Armband – A bracelet worn on the upper arm.
Awl – A tool with a handle and a sharp point for making holes in leather.
Bedrock – Rocks so large that they are part of the earth and cannot be moved.
Belief – A thing people feel or think is true. “The belief that animals have spirits was part of Native American life.”
Bitterness – sharp bad taste
Bow – A weapon used to shoot an arrow
Buckskin – Leather made from the skin of a buck, or male deer. “The Yokuts made strong moccasins out of buckskin.”
Burden baskets – Baskets used for carrying things
Canal – a large ditch for moving water from one place to another.
Ceremony – Special things done to celebrate an event. “Hunters had a ceremony to the spirits of the animals before they went on a hunt.”
Communicate – to share information using language, signs or in other ways.
Cowrie – A small shell that was often used as money among the Indians of California.
Crop – a plant that is grown, or farmed, by farmers.
Dough – Bread before it is cooked.
Elk – A large animal like a deer
Flour – ground seeds or grain that is used to make bread. “The Yokuts Indians ground acorns into flour in their mortars.”
Founded – Started by a government or other organization.
Freight car – A train car made to carry things, such as a box car.
Game – Animals people hunt for food. “There were many game birds at the lake, such as ducks and geese.”
Gold – A metal that is very expensive, used for money and to make jewlery.
Grain – Seeds grown as a crop and used for animal and human food.
Headdress – A special type of hat or head covering.
Hereafter – The time and place some people believe comes after a person has died.
Irrigate – To water plants with water moved from another place.
Irrigation – Watering plants with water moved from another place.
Landmark – An important visible place that is used as a guide. “The Fox theatre is a landmark in Visalia.”
Leach – To soak with changes of water.
Missionary – A person sent by the church to spread his or her religion to another place. “The missionaries taught Christianity to the Indians.”
Mountain Range – a group of mountains, usually in a long line. “The Sierra Nevada is the highest mountain range in California.”
Mush – Hot cereal made from ground grain or seeds.
Nourishing – Good for a person to eat
Obsidian – A glass-like volcanic stone that can be chipped to a sharp edge.
Ox – a kind of bull or cow that is trained to work pulling wagons or plows.
Preserve – To save for later or for people who live after you. “The Fox Theatre has been preserved for the future.”
Produce – The things that farmers grow or make to eat, use, and sell.
Rich – Full of energy giving fat and protein
Sacred – holy, religious
Sawmill – a factory that saws logs from trees into boards for building.
Settlers – People who come to a place to live. “The settlers built houses and started farming along the river.”
Snare – A trap made of string or rope
Soapstone – A soft stone used for carving
Soil – Dirt for farming, earth.
Stage or Stage line – A wagon for people to ride in and on that was pulled by horses and traveled on a regular schedule, like a bus today. ” I bought a ticket and rode on the stage to San Francisco from Visalia.”
Stagecoach – the wagon that the horses pull in a stage line.
Territory – A large area of land. “Their territory stretched from the mountains to Tulare Lake.”
Tradition – A belief or a custom that is handed down from parents to children.
Transportation – moving people or things from place to place. ” When trains came to Tulare County they were a very fast form of transportation.”
Tribal government – The people and the rules that control a tribe.
Tulare Lake – A very large, shallow lake in southern Tulare County. It is usually dry now.